FDI Basic Principle
- When you want to invest in Indonesia, first you have to check whether your business is open for FDI in Indonesia in accordance to the Indonesia Investment Guidance (Daftar Negatif Investasi or DNI) under the Presidential Decree No. 44 of 2016 that stipulates the sectors which are closed and open with conditions to investment. If the business sector is not listed in the DNI, the business will be considered open and allowed for up to 100% foreign ownership.
- The legal entity of the FDI Company should be a Limited Liability Company or Ltd. (Perseroan Terbatas or PT). The ‘PT’ company should be owned by minimum 2 parties, each party is either individual or corporate.
- According to Indonesian law, any company with any percentage of foreign shareholding is considered as a FDI Company or foreign-owned-PT-company, in short ‘PT. PMA’.
- Additionally, it is imperative that new investor has to learn more about the location of their investment such as the market activity, office location, manpower procurement, and the regulations pertaining to their business sector.
- The FDI is required to have minimum investment ABOVE IDR 10.000.000.000,- (ten billion Indonesian Rupiah), or equivalent to current exchange rate. This applies to all business sectors and the amount of minimum investment is not including the value of the land and buildings owned by the company.
- In addition, the minimum paid up capital of a FDI Company (PT. PMA) is IDR 2.500.000.000 (two & a half billion Indonesian Rupiah). For each shareholder, at least IDR 10.000.000,- (ten millions Rupiah) or its equivalent in USD.